The Curious Case Of Primera Air And Their Transatlantic Ambitions

Filed Under: Other Airlines

Ben has an obsession with random, start-up airlines. Over the years he’s written in detail about:

I read these stories with amusement, and find them entertaining, but it’s unlikely I’ll ever fly them, as I would not go out of my way to do so.

But there is an airline that’s had a very interesting year (in the UK at least) that I have been following closely, as I can’t quite work out their strategy.

Primera Air’s History

Primera Air has been operating as a short haul leisure airline for 15 years so it’s not a start-up, but it has a complex structure. It’s headquartered in Riga, owned by an Icelandic tourism company, has nine bases despite having a fleet of only 12 aircraft (none of which are in Riga or Iceland). It provides scheduled and highly seasonal charter services mainly from Northern Europe, to the Mediterranean and the Middle East.

Simple, huh?!

I have actually already flown Primera Air this year.

I went to Majorca in Spain in June, and had pre-booked a British Airways flight back to London, leaving at 9pm. The day before I realised I wanted to get home earlier, so looked at changing my BA flight, but it would have cost more than £100 to do so. I looked online and saw ‘Primera Air’ was operating a flight leaving the next day, in summer, for £21. I could not get my head around how they could sell last minute peak season flights so cheaply.

I took the flight, there were around 20 people on board, it was delayed almost an hour, and while the flight was okay I thought their business model was odd as every other flight that day to London was either fully booked, or had very expensive tickets.

Transatlantic Ambitions

Primera Air really caught my eye last year before I joined the OMAAT team, when in June 2017 they announced with huge fanfare that they were heading in a new direction, and launching new bases in the United Kingdom to commence low cost transatlantic flights in 11 months time on the following routes:

  • London Stansted to Boston, New York Newark, Toronto-Pearson and Washington-Dulles
  • Birmingham to Boston, New York Newark and Toronto-Pearson

The flights were planned to be operated by brand new A321neo and LR (Long Range) models for which Primera Air was to be the launch customer. The airline had ordered two A321LR and six A321neo models to be delivered in 2018.

Now initially, I thought this was a smart business model. The A321 is big enough that even though they are a budget carrier they could install a premium class if they wished (which they have ended up doing), but the aircraft is also small enough that it is much easier to fill than, say a 787 Dreamliner that Norwegian primarily uses on routes to North America.

Naturally as a new entrant onto some very busy and competitive routes (particularly London to New York) they announced some incredible launch fares for as low as £99 one way.

I was excited about this as the convenience of a direct flight from London was fantastic — much better than connecting on WOW in Iceland.

However here’s where things started to get a bit strange.

Advance Pricing

While the launch fare was incredible, and the ideal way for them to generate free publicity for new routes, there were only 99 seats available to each destination. These were snapped up immediately and then Primera Air reverted to their standard ‘lead-in pricing,’ for flights departing 11 months later.

Head For Points at the time compared their pricing with their established competitors, and found that from Birmingham especially, while they offered a direct service, they were not much cheaper than their full service, one stop competitors offering luggage, food, drinks and IFE included. Where passengers wished to add these extras, Primera was suddenly much more expensive than full service carriers.

For a new service, 11 months out on an unknown airline, this would make it difficult to lure new customers, who may be willing to pay slightly more for a lot more included features.

What was even stranger was their pricing for pre bought meals when they launched.

The premium meals must be the most expensive buy on board menu of any airline I have ever seen. All their website says is that each of these has an “appetizer, main dish, dessert, bread roll and coffee/tea.”

No alcohol or soft drinks.

No other information is provided online, especially explaining the difference between premium and standard meals, given the substantial price difference. No photos.

Is it more food, or just a much better quality?

I would expect for the price charged that the ‘premium meal’ was of a business class standard, with multiple courses, served separately. But as Primera Air is a budget airline, I wouldn’t bet on it. Even though they were expecting passengers to pay this, they did not provide detail of what you could expect for this price.

Now as I was searching around their website, I did come across a photo of ‘a’ meal on a completely separate page.

This appears to be served to an economy seat, so is presumably a pre-bought meal. Is it Standard? Premium?

While it does look excellent for a low cost economy meal, if drinks are not included, will a budget airline really be selling and serving glasses of wine in full size wine glasses like that?

As a comparison on Norwegian, one of their biggest competitors, for 50 pounds you will receive a checked bag, a three course meal (with alcohol), a second meal on longer flights, and seat selection.

Primera Air has since reduced the prices of their pre-bought meals by 10-30%.

Primera Air A321 interior with economy and premium economy class seating (Source: Accro)

Delivery Issues, Cancellations And Network Adjustments

Primera Air was relying on their newly delivered A321 planes to launch each of these transatlantic routes in April of this year. They announced these new routes claiming they had an excellent understanding of demand in the market and were confident they could fill these planes.

But they have been plagued with delivery delays, as well as ‘reconsidering the demand’ for certain routes, resulting in:

  • The Birmingham to Boston route being cancelled before flights even commenced
  • Birmingham to New York schedule being reduced from daily to four weekly before flights commenced
  • Birmingham to New York and Toronto flights being cancelled from June this year for the remainder of 2018 — while New York flights had actually commenced from Birmingham, the Toronto flights were due to commence in June, so never actually operated
  • The inaugural Stansted to New York flight being cancelled with subsequent flights being operated by a leased old Boeing 757 from National Airlines
  • The inaugural Stansted to Toronto route was cancelled for the first two days
  • All flights (short and long haul) then being cancelled from Birmingham from October of this year
  • Stansted to New York flights next week will be operated by a 737 (rather than an A321neo) which does not have the range to fly the route non stop, so the flights will be stopping in Iceland each direction to refuel

Primera Air currently has a rating of 1.7/10 with more than 400 reviews, most from passengers who have had their flights cancelled.

Current Pricing

A friend of mine recently flew Primera Air from Stansted to Boston return. This is one route that is actually consistently operating with an A321.

He booked this flight only a few weeks in advance, to travel for a long weekend in peak norther summer (July) and was amazed to see how cheap the flights were, well under half the price of their competitors. He booked a return fare for less than $300, only a few weeks in advance of what should be one of their busiest, highest demand months of travel.

He said the flights were fine, understandably not full though. Unfortunately he didn’t pre book a premium meal so I could see what it looked like!

He was even more amazed to see that the day before his return Boston to London flight, Primera Air was selling one way tickets on his flight for $90.

So what are some prices on their US routes next month?

I recognise they are desperately trying to fill their planes, but looking at the fees and taxes component alone, if you include the YQ, there is $55 in fees and taxes, leaving a base fare of only $8.

Is there even any point getting a butt in a seat for $8?


Just this morning, Airlineroute have announced Primera Air will also launch flights from Berlin Tegel to Boston, New York JFK and Toronto from June next year using Boeing 737 MAX 9 aircraft, adding yet another new aircraft type. They have 18 737 MAX 9 on order, to be delivered next year.

New York flights will be daily, while Boston will be four weekly and Toronto three weekly.

Why they are using JFK for this one flight while using Newark for their other flights is beyond me, just as much as why they would not use Schonefeld Airport in Berlin rather than Tegel to keep their cost base as low as possible, given they use Stansted in London, rather than Gatwick.

There are also plans to launch transatlantic flights from Brussels and Paris.

Launching new routes so far in advance, using aircraft they don’t yet own or operate, has an awful sense of déjà vu…

Bottom line

If you are looking to head from the East Coast to London next month, and can handle potential cancellations, aircraft swaps and Icelandic detours, you may be able to score the cheapest transatlantic flights I have ever seen.

Primera Air has received five of their A321neos (but none of their A321LR), so most of the Stansted flights should be able to operate using them.

I’ll continue to monitor Primera Air because in some ways I’m amazed they are still flying given their curious combination of spectacularly bad luck and seemingly poor planning decisions.

Even at their insanely low prices it will be difficult for them to sell flights, especially new routes so far in advance given they receive overwhelmingly bad publicity. I hope their Berlin, Brussels and Paris plans don’t go the same way as their London and Birmingham flights…

I doubt both WOW Air and Norwegian are particularly worried about this new entrant on the highly competitive transatlantic market.

Would you fly Primera Air to London for $63?

  1. They’ve previously announced that they’re opening a base in Brussels and today they’ve also announced that they’ll be opening a base in Berlin TXL with a fleet of 737 MAX 9s (which I thought didn’t have the range for flights from Berlin to the US east Coast).
    I think, to most of us, their business plan seemed smart enough, but their execution has been so poor. Couple their aircraft delivery delays and what I think is completely uninspiring branding and you have a failure waiting to happen.

  2. @ DaninMCI, @Flo – I wrote and finalised this article yesterday before the TXL routes were announced on AirlineRoute. That’s why this article was scheduled to be published first this morning. I’ll update the article to reflect the Berlin plans.

    Curiouser and curiouser…

  3. Actually, they have flights announced and scheduled between Brussels and New York as of May 2019. I even think they are bookable. For me this came out of the blue as well as I barely heard of the airline prior to the announcement that they were coming to my home airport.

  4. Booked them in November from yyz-cdg for $398 CDN…if omaat wants to sponsor a premium meal for me I’ll take plenty of pictures

  5. Damn it, James. I cannot believe you fell for that Forbes opinion piece. It’s been THOROUGHLY debunked and the TINIEST bit of scrutiny shows that the author of that article mistakes the basic terms if revenue versus profit. They’re not the same thing at all, and the author of that piece cavalierly uses them interchangeably, which is disappointing for Forbes. There was nothing in that article at all that demonstrates profitability in that route (and I’ve worked with two airlines in their network profitability group and can tell you that while revenues are high, profits are not). Bottom line, stay away from things you don’t understand.

    Meanwhile, my friend flew Dulles- stansted on Wednesday and was satisfied. Paid $300 one way, got an amazing exit row seat, and flight was on time. And full. So they’re doing something right-ish, maybe?

  6. @ Jason – what Forbes opinion piece? I have no idea what you are talking about…

    My thoughts on Primera are the culmination of various decisions and announcements ive been monitoring over the past 12+ months.

    I didn’t stumble across a news article yesterday and decide to create an entire article about it.

  7. @James – that link above you put in your article referencing “profitable flights” isnt actually written by a Forbes author. Forbes has a website that allows almost anybody to post on any business topic, without ANY editorial review. That’s what the piece you linked to regarding “profitability” was. It was written by somebody who was able to collect revenue numbers for various air routes (which is publicly available in many jurisdictions) and somehow conflate “revenue” with “profitability”, which are two vastly different things. Just because there’s a lot of revenue doesn’t necessarily mean that there’s profitability, as profitability also has a cost component. That article was WIDELY reviled, rebuked, and criticized, and shown to be completely bunk. I’ve worked for two rather large airlines that fly NYC – London and can tell you that while revenues were there profitability usually wasnt.

    Separate, of course, from your thoughts on Primera. That said, practice a little editorial control moving forward.

  8. @ Jason – ohhhh… you meant an article on route profitability generally! I thought you meant there was some in depth analysis on Primera Air’s route strategy, pricing and profitability you thought I had just copied and presented as my own opinion!

    That makes a lot more sense now! I was thinking ‘what on earth is he talking about?!?’

    I’ll remove the Forbes link – its only briefly mentioned in passing and has no impact on the argument I’m trying to make. Primera are obviously not going to be affecting BA’s profits on this route with their haphazard planning and execution.

  9. I am similarly perplexed by this airline – I have no idea what they are trying to do! I think Robs piece at Heads for Points pretty much sums it up… it makes no sense to use this airline…

  10. @james – lol -no worries!! I, too, share your skepticism regarding Primera. They seem a little random. That said, as I mentioned, my friend flew them the other night IAD – STN and was happy with his $300 one way fare (maybe they’re getting more on Dulles?). He said it was full and that people were envious of the huge amount of legroom that he had in his exit row seat that he paid $60 extra for. He just needed a one way ticket to London and this fit the bill.

    Yeah, those Forbes contributor articles are highly questionable. Thanks for looking!

    Keep up the good work and have a great weekend!

  11. Fingers crossed they keep flying for at least the next two weeks–I’m counting on them to fly me STN-BOS for a wedding!

    Happy to take photos and write a few words about the food if OMAAT wants to sponsor a premium meal 🙂 There’s no way I’m paying £60 for economy-class gruel!

  12. £60 for a meal. They are having a laugh . You can have a great meal in a fine restaurant for less , excluding wine and for 2 £120 I have spent less in a Michelin rated establishment. I would contact their PR office. The average economy airline meal costs around £5.

  13. My brother flew them ewr to stn for $81 last minute. To get home he ended up flying easyjet to Paris and then CDG to EWR for $220. The easyjet flight to Paris cost more than the transatlantic.

  14. I mean, the fare isn’t technically $8. Add a lot more money for a checked bag and you have a pretty decent “fare” for Primera to enjoy.

  15. @Anthony: “Add a lot more money for a checked bag and you have a pretty decent “fare” for Primera to enjoy.” Not to mention a $70 meal or two. Maybe their business model is to have these paid meals be the only food on board. Starving passengers have to pay up, or continue to starve.

  16. This airline is a total scam. See #donotflyprimera for the horror stories. They owe hundreds of customers refunds for cancelled flights yet none of us have seen a dime. It’s criminal how they are functioning in many respects.

  17. Not even $300 r/t EWR-CDG for late October.

    Prob more expensive if paying for bags and seats, obviously but for some this will definitely work for them.

  18. +1 to watch this airline! YUL-CDG is so crowded I cannot understand how they could pick this route : AF, AC, Air Transat, Level, Corsair and Wow Air (via Iceland)

  19. @ Michael – I only consider it different as it’s not a fixed cost to the airline like a departure fee is.

  20. I flew Stansted to Newark last week right when news was breaking that Primera’s nonstop flights were stopping in Iceland. My flight did not have to stop but was still a little over 8 hours long due to strong winds. I had flown my outbound flight using United mileage, but it was so last minute my return was not available. I was really surprised that the Primera leg room seemed roomier. I’m short, so it’s a big deal for me to say that my United flight felt so cramped. Obviously, United feeds you dinner on their redeye flights, so I suppose the higher price gets you that much. However, knowing that Primera wouldn’t feed me, I bought dinner to bring on my flight. Another major plus for me was that Primera had USB outlets throughout, but United only had it for the first 20 rows (of course I was in row 21). All in all, my experience with Primera was more pleasant.

  21. Had our ‘flagship flight’ from Dulles to London cancelled on the morning of the flight, and have read lots of horror stories from people who’ve experienced serious delays or cancellations, and then also had to wait an unduly long time for refunds or reimbursements, or haven’t received them at all…

    My sense is of an overstretched venture, undermined by poor planning decisions, relying contractors to (badly) deliver its key customer service components, and which hasn’t sufficient cash-flow to adequately cover its costs; which are being added to by the increasing numbers of people with legitimate claims for recompense.

    They owe me over £2K in reimbursement, and are liable for €600 in compensation. Whether I’ll get either remains to be seen, but I hope that if I do, it’s not as the result of some aviavtory Ponzi scheme…

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